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破碎机厂家指出影响破碎机使用的三个方面

发布时间:2018-07-16 发布人:admin

破碎机在使用过程中,如果没有及时合理的采取一些防护措施会导致破碎机设备容易腐蚀或者在使用的过程中容易出现故障,从而影响破碎机的工作效率,达不到预期的效果。以下几点是破碎机厂家根据在实际操作中整理的一些关于破碎机使用过程中维护的注意事项:
Crusher in use process, if not timely reasonable take some protective measures can lead to a crusher equipment easy corrosion or in the process of using a failure, which affects the working efficiency of the crusher, reach the desired effect. The following points are the matters needing attention of the crusher manufacturer in terms of the maintenance during the use of the crusher according to the actual operation:

1.温度对破碎机影响
1. Temperature affects the crusher

在工作中,各个零部件的温度都有各自的正常范围。破碎机在使用过程中,一要防止低温下进行超负荷运转,保证低速预温阶段的正常运行,使机械达到规定温度后再进行行驶或工作,不要因为当时不出现问题而忽视其重要做;二要防止机械在高温下运转,机械运行过程中要经常检查各种温度表上的数值,发现问题立即停机检查,发现故障即刻排除。对于一时找不到原因的,绝不能不经处理而仍使机械带病工作。在平时的工作中,要注意检查冷却系统的工作状况。对水冷式机械,每日工作前必须检查,加添冷却水;对风冷式机械,也要定期清理风冷系统上的灰尘,保证散热风道畅通。
In work, the temperature of each component has its own normal range. Crusher in use process, the overload operation, to prevent low temperature to ensure normal operation in the process of the temperature stage at low speed, the mechanical driving again after the temperature reaches or work, don't cry because it is the problem and not ignore the important do; The second is to prevent the machine from operating at high temperature. During the operation of the machine, the values on various temperature meters should be frequently checked. If problems are found, the machine should be stopped imtely and checked. For those who cannot find the cause at the moment, they must be treated and still work with mechanical diseases. In normal work, pay attention to check the working condition of the cooling system. For water-cooled machines, check and add cooling water before daily operation; For air-cooled machines, dust on the air cooling system should also be cleaned regularly to ensure that the heat dissipation duct is unimpeded.

2.杂质对破碎机的影响
2. Effects of impurities on crusher

机械杂质一般指的是灰尘、土壤等非金属物质和破碎机在使用过程中自身产生的一些金属屑、磨损产物等。这些杂质一旦进入机械内部,达到机械的配合表面之间,其危害是很大的,不但使相对运动出来阻滞,加速零件的磨损,而且会擦伤配合表面,破坏润滑油膜,使零件温度升高、润滑油变质。据测定,润滑油中机械杂质增加到0.15%时,发动机第一道活塞环的磨损程度将比正常值大2.5倍;滚动轴承进入杂质微粒时,其寿命将降低80%到90%。因此,对于工作在环境恶劣、条件复杂场所的破碎机来说,一要使用优质、配套的零部件及润滑油、润滑脂,堵住有害杂质的源头;二要做好工作现场的机械防护工作,保证相应机构能正常工作,防止各种杂质进入机械内部。对出现故障的机械,尽量到正规的修理场所进行修理。现场修理时,也要做好防护措施,防止现场修理时更换的零部件在进入机械前受到灰尘等杂质的污染。
Mechanical impurities generally refer to dust, soil and other non-metallic materials and crushers in the use of the process of their own production of some metal chip, wear products. Inside these once in mechanical impurities, achieve mechanical matching between the surface and the harm is great, not only make out relative motion block, speed up the process of wear parts, and will cooperate surface scratch, destroy the lubricating oil film, make the parts temperature, lubricating oil deterioration. It was determined that when the mechanical impurities in the lubricating oil increased to 0.15%, the wear degree of the engine's first piston ring would be 2.5 times greater than the normal value. When the rolling bearing enters the impurity particles, its life will be reduced by 80% to 90%. Therefore, for the crusher working in the harsh environment and complex conditions, it is necessary to use high-quality and supporting parts, lubricating oil and grease to block the source of harmful impurities. Second, we should do a good job of mechanical protection on the work site to ensure that the corresponding mechanism can work normally and prevent various impurities from entering the machinery. Repair the faulty machinery in the proper repair place as far as possible. In the field repair, the protection measures should also be taken to prevent the parts replaced during the field repair from being contaminated by dust and other impurities before entering the machinery.

3.腐蚀对破碎机的影响
3. Impact of corrosion on the crusher

金属表面与周围介质发生化学或电化学反应而遭受破坏的现象称腐蚀。这种腐蚀作用不但会影响机械外表设备的正常工作,而且会腐蚀到机械内部的零部件。如雨水、空气中的化学物质等通过机械零部件的对外通道、缝隙等进入机械内部,腐蚀机械零部件内部,加速机械磨损,增加机械故障。由于这种腐蚀作用有时是看不见。摸不着的,容易被人忽视,因而其危害性更大。在使用中,管理和操作人员要根据当时当地天气情况、空气污染情况,采取有效的措施,减少有效的措施,减少化学腐蚀对机械的影响,重点是防止雨水及空气中化学成分对机械的侵入。
Corrosion occurs when a metal surface is damaged by chemical or electrochemical reactions with surrounding . This kind of corrosion will not only affect the normal operation of the equipment, but also corrode the parts inside the machine. For example, chemical substances in rain water and air enter the internal machinery through external channels and cracks of mechanical parts, corrode the internal parts, accelerate mechanical wear, and increase mechanical failure. This corrosion is sometimes invisible. Those that cannot be touched are easy to be ignored, and are thus more harmful. In use, management and operating personnel should according to the local weather conditions, the air pollution situation, take effective measures to reduce the effective measures to reduce the chemical corrosion effect on the mechanical, the key is to prevent the rain and the invasion of the chemical composition of mechanical in the air.


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